Curriculum Vitae for
Gregory Adam Scott

19 George Square
Edinburgh EH8 9LD
Scotland, UK

Field of Research

I am a historian of religion whose work focuses on late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century East Asia, particularly Buddhism in the Republic of China (1912-1949). My research interests include print culture, publishing, sacred space, material culture, Christian missionary representations of East Asian religions, and the development of digital humanities resources as research and reference tools. My current project looks at Buddhist temple reconstruction, material culture, and religious revival in modern China.

Academic Background

University of Edinburgh
Leverhulme Early Career Fellow, Department of Asian Studies, September 2014 - June 2017

University of Edinburgh
Postdoctoral Fellow in Digital Humanities, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities, September 2013 - June 2014

Columbia University
Doctor of Philosophy, Chinese Buddhism, Department of Religion, May 2013
Ph.D. Dissertation: "Conversion by the Book: Buddhist Print Culture in Early Republican China"

Academia Sinica 中央研究院
Visiting Scholar at the Institute of Modern History, September 2010 - June 2011

University of Toronto
Master of Arts in East Asian Studies, August 2005
M.A. Thesis: "Heterodox Religious Groups and the State in Ming-Qing China

York University
Bachelor of Arts with Honours in East Asian Studies, Minor in History, June 2003
summa cum laude

Recent Fellowships and Awards

2014 - Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellowship
2013 - Postdoctoral Fellowship, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities, University of Edinburgh
2012 - Sheng Yen Education Foundation Grant for Ph.D. Dissertation Research
2011 - Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship

Academic Associations and Service

American Academy of Religion
Association for Asian Studies
Society for the Study of Chinese Religions
Associate Fellow, Centre for the Study of Religion and Culture in Asia, University of Groningen
Co-editor and China Book Reviews Editor, H-Buddhism Digital Discussion Network, part of H-Net
Co-organizer, Asian Religions Research Network, University of Edinburgh

Peer-Reviewed Publications

"Absolutely Not a Business: Chinese Buddhist Sciprtural Presses and Distributors, 1860s – 1930s," in KODEX – Jahrbuch der IBG [Kodex: Yearbook of the International Society for Book Science], forthcoming 2016.

"Revolution of Ink: Chinese Buddhist Periodicals in the Early Republic," in Recovering Buddhist China, edited by Jan Kiely and J. Brooks Jessup. New York: Columbia University Press, forthcoming 2016.

"平衡功德與利益— 上海佛學書局股份有限公司的經歷" [Balancing Merit and Profit: The Case of the Shanghai Buddhist Books Company, Limited.] 刊於《改變中國宗教的五十年,1898-1948》[1898-1948: Fifty Years that Changed Chinese Religion], 康豹(Paul R. Katz), 高萬桑(Vincent Goossaert)主編. Taipei: Academia Sinica, November 2015.

Religious Publishing and Print Culture in Modern China, 1800-2012, co-editor with Philip Clart. Boston; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015. Co-Author: "Introduction: Print Culture and Religion in Chinese History"; Chapter contributor: "Navigating the Sea of Scriptures: The Buddhist Studies Collectanea, 1918–1923"; Chapter translator: Wang Chien-chuan, "Morality Book Publishing and Popular Religion in Modern China: A Discussion Centered on Morality Book Publishers in Shanghai".

"The Publishing of Buddhist Books for Beginners in Modern China from Yang Wenhui to Master Sheng Yen 中國近代歷史上的佛學入門書籍出版事業 – 從楊文會居士至聖嚴法師而言." Shengyan yanjiu 聖嚴研究 (Sheng Yen Studies), Vol. 5 (2014).

"Chinese Buddhist Publishing and Print Culture, 1900-1950." In Oxford Bibliographies in Buddhism, edited by Richard Payne. New York: Oxford University Press, March 2013.

"Timothy Richard, World Religion, and Reading Christianity in Buddhist Garb". Social Sciences and Missions 25 (2012): 53-75.

"The Buddhist Nationalism of Dai Jitao 戴季陶". Journal of Chinese Religions, No. 39 (2011): 55-81.

"The Dharma Through a Glass Darkly: On the Study of Modern Chinese Buddhism through Protestant Missionary Sources 彷彿對著鏡子觀看的佛法:藉由基督教傳教士的史料研究現代中國佛教". Shengyan yanjiu 聖嚴研究 (Sheng Yen Studies), Vol. 2 (July, 2011): 47-73.
Edited electronic version available at

Book Reviews

Review of Barend J. ter Haar, Practicing Scripture: A Lay Buddhist Movement in Late Imperial China, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 79/1 (February, 2016), forthcoming.

Review of Daniela Campo, La construction de la sainteté dans la Chine moderne: La vie du maître bouddhiste Xuyun, The Journal of Chinese Religions, Vol. 43, no. 2 (November 2015.)

Review of Superstitious Regimes: Religion and the Politics of Chinese Modernity by Rebecca Nedostup. Religious Studies Review, 36 (Sept. 2010): 245.

Collaborative Research Projects

Holmes Welch and the Study of Buddhism in Twentieth-Century China
A seminar held at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion over five years, 2014-2018, and which will result in the publication of an edited volume on the life and work of Holmes Welch.

Digital Projects

The Digital Catalogue of Chinese Buddhism 中國佛教數字目錄
An online, searchable catalogue of Chinese Buddhist publications, 1860s - 1950s.

Database of Modern Chinese Buddhism (DMCB) 近代中國佛教檢索
A collaborative, open-content online wiki database on Buddhism in China, 1850 - 1950.

"1898-1948: The Fifty Years that Changed Chinese Religion" 1898-1948: 改變了中國宗教的50年
Contributing project member to the bibliography of Chinese religious publications in Shanghai, 1898 - 1948.

The Online Index of Chinese Buddhism 中國佛教網路資料索引
A website that presents collected links and short descriptions for online resources useful for the study of Buddhism in China. It has been updated since August 26, 2006 and was featured in The Asian Studies WWW Monitor, late Feb 2009, Vol. 16, No. 4 (293).

Academic Presentations

"'Scripture' as a Critical Term in Modern Chinese Buddhism", at "Framing the Study of Religion in Modern China and Taiwan: Methods, Concepts and New Research Paths", University of Groningen, December 11, 2015.

"Water from Native Wells: Depictions of Chinese sacred spaces in late nineteenth and early twentieth-century Western publications," American Academy of Religion Annual Meeting, Atlanta, November 21-24, 2015.

"Buddhist Internationalism in Motion: Temple Restoration and Pan-Asian Diplomacy," AAS-in-ASIA Conference, Academia Sinica, Taipei, June 22-24, 2015

"Rebuilding a Place that Never Existed: The Virtual Chinese Buddhist Monastery Project," May 21, 2015, Bader International Study Centre, Herstmonceux Castle.

"Canon as Commodity: The Kalaviṇka Hermitage Canon, 1912 - 1913," 3rd International Conference on the Chinese Buddhist Canon, Brigham Young University, April 9-10, 2015

"Destructing and Reconstructing Buddhist Sacred Places in Modern China", University of Oxford China Center, March 5, 2015

Asian Religions Research Network Workshop, Innovative Learning Week, University of Edinburgh, February 19, 2015

"Destructing and Reconstructing Buddhist Sacred Places in Modern China", University of Manchester, February 12, 2015

"Absolutely Not a Business: Scriptural Presses and the Commercialization of Chinese Buddhist Print Culture in the 1920s", presentation at the workshop on "Asian Buddhism: Plural Colonialisms and Plural Modernities", Kyoto University and Ryukoku University, Kyoto, December 12-14, 2014.

Presider for "Educating Religious Experts for the Nation: Institutions and Curricula for Christian, Han Buddhist and Daoist Specialists in modern China" seminar, annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion, San Diego, November 24, 2014.

"Sacred Spaces, Printing, and the Meaning of 'Revival' in Welch's The Buddhist Revival in China", presentation at the "Holmes Welch and the Study of Buddhism in Twentieth-Century China" seminar, annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion, San Diego, November 23, 2014.

"The Kalaviṇka Hermitage Canon, The First Chinese Buddhist Canon of the Modern Era", Fifth International Conference of the Sheng Yen Educational Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan, June 30, 2014.

"Balancing Merit and Profit in the Shanghai Buddhist Books Company", Chinese Studies Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, February 5, 2014.

"Orientalism, Buddhology, and the Legacies of Mission Scholarship: Timothy Richard's New Testament of Higher Buddhism", Centre for the Study of World Christianity Seminar Programme, New College, University of Edinburgh, January 14, 2014.

"Revisiting the Revival: Holmes Welch and the Study of Buddhism in Twentieth-Century China", Workshop Co-Presider, American Academy of Religion Annual Meeting, Baltimore, November 24, 2013.

"Sacred Cities: Urban Buddhism in Modernizing Asia, 1850 - 1950", Panel Organizer and Paper Presenter: "Shanghai Buddhist Books (Shanghai Foxue shuju) and Shanghai as a Nexus of Chinese Buddhist Publishing in the 1930s", American Academy of Religion Annual Meeting, Baltimore, November 23, 2013.

"上海佛學書局有限公司: 功德經濟, 商業經濟, 以及上海與出版在近代中國宗教的地位 (The Shanghai Buddhist Books Company: Merit Economy, Commercial Economy, and the Place of Shanghai and Publishing in Modern Chinese Religion)." Paper submitted for the conference for "1898-1948: Fifty Years that Changed Chinese Religions", Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, November 21-22, 2013.

"Navigating the Library of Babel: Building and Rebuilding a Digital Catalogue for Modern Chinese Buddhism." Presentation as part of "A Digital Humanities Workshop in Four Keys: Medicine, Law, Bibliography, and Crime," The University of Edinburgh, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities, November 11, 2013.

Teaching and Internship Experience

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